Website or web application is the primary target of most hacking activities, both white and black hat hacking. There are various ways of hacking into websitesIt depends on the languages and database engines the engineer uses to build the sites. The Internet has become the primary way to access websites. Some ways of hacking a website in 2020 include:

SQL Injection

Many people build their websites with SQL  database engines. They use varying platforms, including MS SQL Server, MySQL, SQLite, PostgreSQL, and their SQL brothers. At this point, SQL injection has become the most popular method of hacking any website. Professional hackers experienced in website development usually use SQL Injection for website hacking. The main objective of SQL Injection hacking is bypassing the login algorithm or sabotaging the web data.

The hacker uses SQL injection to access the website database without authorization. Also, at this point, a successful SQL Injection attempt will allow the hacker to obtain details. Information on the website structures from the accessed database is accessible. Hackers can gain admin privileges, modify contents, retrieve personal data, or even shut down the SQL server.

Code Injection

While SQL Injection deals with the database engine, code injection penetrates the coding on the website server. The coding could be in diverse languages,

such as PHP, Java, VisualBasic.Net, C+, and so forth. Like its name, the hacker conducts the code injection by injecting the code of the language. The hackers

run lines of injected codes on the server of the target website. As a result, the hackers can then open data, install a backdoor, and exploit the vulnerability of a site.

Code injection would easily penetrate or take effect on the mishandling of untrusted data. The functionality or the scope of performance of code injection attempts is facilitated and yet limited by the language. A user can block this method by implementing all parameters as data with validation and sanitization. However, it would also depend on the hacker’s creativity and the language they use.

Form Tampering

Form Tampering or popularly known as parameter tampering, is a web-based attack. It occurs where the hacker changes the parameters a user enters in the web page form. This hacking event is majorly performed by hackers to target business websites, mainly to obtain sensitive information. The method works by validating all parameters to conduct transactions. Sites with vulnerable security applications are the soft prey of form tampering.

Hackers use form tampering because it is a simple yet effective procedure.They can tamper with user credentials, transaction processing, pricing, product quantity, basket, permissions, and so forth. You can prevent hacking by updating the security application, also configuring the website firewall properly to drive more reliable protection.

Defacement

A defacement is a hacking event with the primary objective of modifying what a website displays on its page. On the other hand, hackers also use defacement to redirect multiple page requests to one desired web page where they post messages. Official websites or organizations with political affiliations are usually the targets of defacement. However, all sites with weak security handling can be targets of this hacking event.

Hackers launching defacement attacks or defacers change website data stored in configuration data so that they can replace the web page display with their content or template. Excessive privileges used in developing or maintaining the websites can smooth the defacement attempts. Defacers may also use SQL Injection or cross-site scripting to launch defacement.

Cookie Poisoning

Cookie poisoning is another popular hacking event in 2020 and both white hat and black hat hackers use it. This method aims to modify session data or cookies to obtain access without authorization. The hackers may send false information or even bypass security measures to the website’s server. The server may get tricked by this delivery and accept the values determined by the poisoners.

The hacker can launch a cookie poisoning procedure more quickly as the web developer store targeted parameters in the cookies of the application. They can intercept information between website cookies and the user’s device. When it comes to retailer business, cookie poisoning can modify prices and transactions. Yes, e-commerce or retailer business websites are typical targets of cookie poisoning for undeniable reasons.

Cross-Site Scripting XSS

While the code injection is targets the server, Cross-Site Scripting XSS aims to inject executable code on the client-side, on their browsing application. It works

by sending the scripts from the targeted website to the user’s browser so they can intercept the interactions between two sides. There are three primary types of XSS attacks. They include DOM-based XSS, Stored XSS, and Reflected XSS.

A successful XSS hacking provides hackers with multiple abilities. These include reading sensitive data, capturing login credentials, doing user’s actions, and even injecting malware to the website. In some cases, hackers can compromise all users of the site with vulnerable applications.

Denial of Service(DoS)

Denial of Service is a hacking method designed to shut down a network or machine. You can do this by either flooding the website target with excessive traffic or sending crashing triggering information. The flooding method will overflow traffic of the website, forcing the server to keep buffering, slowed down, and off. The crashing process uses the website bugs to send input, causing crashes on the target system, making it destabilized to gain access.

E-commerce, banking, trade organization, and government websites are the primary targets of DoS attacks launched by modern hackers. They can also launch DoS attacks from multiple locations with Distributed Denial of Service(DDoS).

Conclusion

There are multiple methods to hack into websites in 2020 used to achieve different goals on different targets. Hackers primarily take advantage of gaps or bugs system security to modify parameters, to inject codes, to intercept communication between server and client. These hacking events allow hackers to read sensitive data, gain privileges, change content, access credentials, and so forth. 

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